New paper in Psychology of Learning and Motivation!
A new paper authored by our lab members – prof. Zofia Wodniecka, dr Alba Casado, Patrycja Kałamała (PhD candidate), dr Marta Marecka, dr Kalinka Timmer and Agata Wolna (PhD candidate) – is now available: The dynamics of language experience and how it affects language and cognition.
Abstract: Although research on bilingualism has attracted great scientific interest in recent decades, we still do not fully understand how bilinguals’ language experience impacts language access and cognitive functioning. Our goal is to demonstrate that being exposed to one language, even for a short time, can influence the ability to use the other language and also affect how efficiently we process non-linguistic information. In this chapter, we focus on two types of effects related to the prior language experience of bilinguals (so-called language after-effects): (1) the impact of exposure to the second language on native language processing; (2) the impact of bilinguals’ patterns of language use on cognitive control. For each topic, we review the available behavioral and neuropsychological evidence and discuss the possible sources of inconsistencies in the literature. Furthermore, we consider the implications of the available evidence for the current models of language “after-effects” and speculate about the possible convergence of mechanisms related to short- and long-term language experience.
Click here for more information!
New paper in Studies in Second Language Acquisition!
Our new paper is now available: AN EAR FOR LANGUAGE: SENSITIVITY TO FAST AMPLITUDE RISE TIMES PREDICTS NOVEL VOCABULARY LEARNING.
Abstract: This study tested whether individual sensitivity to an auditory perceptual cue called amplitude rise time (ART) facilitates novel word learning. Forty adult native speakers of Polish performed a perceptual task testing their sensitivity to ART, learned associations between nonwords and pictures of common objects, and were subsequently tested on their knowledge with a picture recognition (PR) task. In the PR task participants heard each nonword, followed either by a congruent or incongruent picture, and had to assess if the picture matched the nonword. Word learning efficiency was measured by accuracy and reaction time on the PR task and modulation of the N300 ERP. As predicted, participants with greater sensitivity to ART showed better performance in PR suggesting that auditory sensitivity indeed facilitates learning of novel words. Contrary to expectations, the N300 was not modulated by sensitivity to ART suggesting that the behavioral and ERP measures reflect different underlying processes.
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START stipend for Patrycja Kałamała from our lab!
We are happy to inform that Patrycja Kałamała from our lab has been awarded the START scholarship for young, talented researchers funded by the Foundation for Polish Science!
New paper in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition!
A new paper by dr Jakub Szewczyk and prof. Zofia Wodniecka is now available: The mechanisms of prediction updating that impact the processing of upcoming word: An event-related potential study on sentence comprehension. Click here for more information!
Our new paper in Neuropsychologia is now available: When a second language hits a native language. What ERPs (do and do not) tell us about language retrieval difficulty in bilingual language production*. Click here to read it!
*Wodniecka, Z., Szewczyk, J., Kałamała, P., Mandera, P., Durlik, J. (2020). When a second language hits a native language. What ERPs (do and do not) tell us about language retrieval difficulty in bilingual language production. Neuropsychologia, 141.
Postdoctoral Position in Neuroscience of Bilingualism, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
Applications are invited for a full-time post-doctoral position in the Psychology of Language and Bilingualism Lab at the Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland. The position is funded by the Polish National Science Centre grant Mechanisms of language control underlying bilingual speech production: fMRI investigation (PI: Dr. Zofia Wodniecka; the Co-Investigators are: Dr. Marcin Szwed and Dr. Jakub Szewczyk (University of Illinois) and Dr. Michele Diaz (Penn State University, USA).
The project investigates neural bases of language production in bilinguals and its primary methodology is fMRI. The focus will be on Polish-English bilinguals; some knowledge of Polish will be an asset, but is not essential. Most importantly, we are looking for an innovative postdoctoral candidate with a strong background in cognitive neuroscience, computer science or related fields. The length of the appointment will depend on the start date of employment, but at least 2 year commitment is required.
Requirements: Candidates must have a Ph.D in Psychology, Neuroscience, Cognitive Science, Computer Science or a related field, or they must have completed the Ph.D by the time of appointment. Other requirements include: prior experience in fMRI and sMRI data acquisition and analyses, strong scientific record (including high quality dissertation, publications in peer-reviewed journals), research interests in neurobiology of cognitive functions, advanced statistical knowledge, extensive experience in planning and conducting experiments in cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience, fluency in English, and a documented ability to work well both independently and in a team. Prior experience in fMRI technique is strongly preferred. Strong statistical and programming skills (including knowledge of Unix commands) is a plus.
Applications should include: 1) a CV (with min. 3 reference contacts and a publication record); 2) a cover letter with a statement of research experience, interests and the motivation to contribute to the project; 3) a copy of the diploma or statement about the dissertation progress and a planned date of its completion (signed by the Ph.D. supervisor); 4) pdfs of two most important publications.
All applications should be sent to Dr. Zofia Wodniecka at email@example.com.
The start date: AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. Interviews with selected candidates will be held either at the Institute of Psychology or via Skype. For more information about this position, please contact Dr. Zofia Wodniecka.
Lecture by Prof. Janet van Hell from Pennsylvania State University!
We invite you to attend a lecture by our guest – Prof. Janet van Hell – on Thursday, June 27th, at 2 p.m. (room 2.15, Institute of Psychology, Ingardena 6)!
Title: Understanding accented speech: the role of speaker identity and listener experience
Abstract: Current everyday communication is a cultural and linguistic melting pot. There are hundreds of millions of speakers of English as a second language in the world, so we are likely to encounter speakers who have a foreign accent when speaking English. We are also likely to interact with people from different ethnic backgrounds, who may or may not have a foreign accent. Research has shown that foreign-accented speech can challenge language comprehension. Although behavioral studies suggest that listeners adapt quickly to foreign-accented speech, neurocognitive studies have shown distinct neural mechanisms in processing foreign-accented relative to native-accented sentences. I will present a series of recent behavioral and EEG/ERP experiments in which we examined how speaker identity and listener experience affect the comprehension of foreign-accented and native-accented sentences. More specifically, we studied how faces cuing the speaker’s ethnicity (e.g., Asian face) create language expectations (here, Chinese-accented English), and how these biases impact the neural and cognitive mechanisms associated with the comprehension of American- and Chinese-accented English sentences. We also examined how listeners’ experience with foreign-accented speech modulates accented-speech comprehension by testing different groups of listeners (young and older adult monolinguals with little experience with foreign-accented speech, listeners immersed in foreign-accented speech, and bilingual (foreign-accented) listeners). Implications of the findings will be discussed by integrating neuropsychological theories of language comprehension with linguistic theories on the role of socio-indexical cues and linguistic stereotyping.
Lecture by Dr. Kalinka Timmer: Bilingualism: the flexible link between language and executive control
The current view is that the ongoing experience of language switching, associated with bilingualism, modifies the neural networks involved in switching during nonverbal tasks. In agreement, our ERP results demonstrated that bilingualism modifies crucial brain networks, possibly by integrating pathways generally used for different domains. However, the extent to which bilingual language control (BLC) and domain-general executive control (EC) share some of their mechanisms is still a debated issue. We investigate the question of cross-talk by addressing an important problem, namely the reliability of the measures used to investigate cross-talk, as well as by taking a novel approach, using short-term language switching training. We found that BLC and EC share some of their underlying mechanisms and seems to depend on the type of context one is in. For example, when driving on a highway, less EC is necessary than when we are driving downtown with pedestrians and cyclists around. Similarly, we ask if language context can also affect our control mechanisms. We show that control adjusts depending on the language context a bilingual is in. Thus, BLC and EC show some cross-talk and flexibly adapt to the context at the current moment. This short-term flexibility might underlie the long-term effects bilingualism has on EC.
WEDNESDAY June 5th, 13-14.30, Institute of Psychology UJ, ul. Ingardena 6, room 2.15
About Kalinka Timmer
I obtained the doctoral degree from Leiden University (The Netherlands) in 2013 investigating the underlying process of reading aloud during monolingual- and bilingual language processing with event-related brain potentials (ERPs). In 2012, I continued with the investigation of speech planning between alphabetic and non-alphabetic languages as a post-doctoral fellow. Following this post-doc, I worked at York University (Canada) from 2014, where I investigated whether bilingualism influence domain general control processes. After receiving the Rubicon grant from the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) I have started working at Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Spain) where I am investigating the relation between language- and task switching for different types of bilinguals with the Juan de la Cierva grant from the Spanish government (MINECO).
Bilingualism Workshops in Copenhagen and Odense
Professor Zofia Wodniecka – leader of LangUsta Lab and Bilingualism Matters in Kraków – and Professor Ewa Haman from University of Warsaw will conduct Bilingualism Workshops organised by Stowarzyszenie Dwa Skrzydła and the Embassy of Poland in Denmark.
Click here for more information!
Language and cognition: From Poland with Science
Professor Zofia Wodniecka – the leader of our lab – is giving a lecture at the University of Lancaster today!
Talk title: Life in two languages – a cognitive perspective.
Anyone who has experienced speaking another language for a long time is familiar with the feeling of difficulty related to returning to one’s own native language. In extreme instances, the feeling is subjectively experienced as if the native language has been temporarily ‘lost’. We study this and other related effects in laboratory settings using various methodologies to better understand the mechanisms and consequences of bilingualism. In this talk, I will present a set of behavioral and psychophysiological studies conducted in my lab with the aim to better understand cognitive underpinnings of bilingual language use and theoretical models that can account for the data.
Click here for more information!
We are looking for participants!
We are seeking Spanish-English bilinguals to participate in a language study. If you participate, you will receive 40 PNL/hour, total of 80 PLN plus a bonus when you show up to the second session!
For more information and questions, please email firstname.lastname@example.org!
Our lab member awarded
Our lab member – Joanna Durlik – has been awarded for her popular science article “Wieża Babel za cornerem”!
Another award goes to one of our lab member!
Our lab member – Agata Wolna – has won the Andrzej Beauvale’s award for her Master’s Thesis: The origins of the L2 after-effect in bilingual language production: an ERP investigation!
The Psychology of Language and Bilingualism Lab “Langusta”
cordially invites you to a symposium
“The flexible language in the flexible mind”
When: September 29th, 2018 (10 a.m. to 5 p.m.)
Where: Kraków, Ingardena 6, room 6.01
The goal of the symposium is to facilitate a cross-talk between researchers studying language, but representing different methodologies and disciplines.
The keynote opening lecture:
Prof. Antonella Sorace
(University of Edinburgh)
“The value of interdisciplinarity in multilingualism research”
For a detailed program, click here
To register, email us at: email@example.com
Deadline for registration: September 24th, 2018
Applications are invited for a full-time post-doctoral position on cognitive science and bilingualism
Applications are invited for a full-time post-doctoral position in the Psychology of Language and Bilingualism Lab (langusta.edu.pl/en) at the Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland. The position is funded by the Polish National Science Centre grant “Competition or coordination? Impact of short-term and long-term language experience on language regulation and cognitive functions in bilinguals” (PI: Dr. Zofia Wodniecka). The project investigates Polish-English bilinguals both in Poland and in the UK; some knowledge of Polish will be an asset, but is not essential. Most importantly, we are looking for an innovative postdoctoral candidate with a background in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, psycholinguistics, or linguistics who will play a key role in a project examining how different forms of language experience influence cognitive and neural processing. The project’s methodology combines behavioral, ERP, fMRI and eye-tracking paradigms.
Candidates must have a Ph.D in Psychology, Neuroscience, Experimental Linguistics, or a related field, or they must have completed the Ph.D by the time of appointment. Other requirements include: strong scientific record (including high quality dissertation, publications in peer-reviewed journals), extensive experience in planning and conducting experiments in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience and psycholinguistics, preferably in the areas connected to the topic explored in the project (language comprehension and production, attention, executive functions, etc.), good knowledge of statistics, fluency in English (knowledge of Polish will be an asset but is not a must), and a documented ability to work well both independently and in a team. Prior experience EEG, fMRI and eye-tracking techniques is strongly preferred. Strong programming and statistical skills is a plus.
The postdoctoral scholar will be expected to design, coordinate and conduct experiments as well as statistical analyses. They will present data at scientific meetings, write manuscripts, participate in lab meetings and events, and engage in the training of junior lab members. There will be many opportunities to interact with other research labs at the Institute of Psychology (http://www.psychologia.uj.edu.pl) and beyond. The initial appointment will be for three years, with the possibility of renewal in total. Salary and benefits are based on the National Science Center guidelines, the total gross monthly salary (including benefits; so called “brutto brutto”) will be 7000-10000 PLN, based on qualification, experience and scope.
Applications should include: 1) a CV; 2)a cover letter with a statement of research experience, interests and the motivation to contribute to the project; 3) two letters of recommendation; 4) a copy of the diploma or statement about the dissertation progress and a planned date of its completion (signed by the Ph.D. supervisor). All applications should be sent to Dr. Zofia Wodniecka at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Apart from the documents mentioned above, the candidate will be required to fill in Polish application forms. Therefore if you are interested in the position, contact the PI as soon as possible to receive assistance with their preparation.
Review of applications will begin immediately and continue until August 15th, 2018 or until the position is filled. The preferable start date of the appointment is October 1st, 2018 but some flexibility is also possible. Interviews with selected candidates will be held either at the Institute of Psychology or via Skype. For more information about this position, please contact Dr. Zofia Wodniecka at email@example.com.
A new grant from National Science Center in LangUsta laboratory!
Joanna Durlik – a member of our lab – received a new grant from National Science Center. The project title is: “How does language proficiency and immersion experience modulate interference between languages? Mechanisms underlying language processing in multilinguals.”
National Science Center website (Etiuda, HS panel).
EARLY STAGE RESEARCHER (ESRS)/PHD STUDENT POSITION
Full-time early stage researcher/PhD student position available to work on social cognition and bilingualism.
Applications are invited for a full-time Early Stage Researcher/PhD student position in Psychology of Language and Bilingualism Lab, led by Zofia Wodniecka, at the Institute of Psychology at Jagiellonian University (Krakow), http://langusta.edu.pl/en/. The position is part of The Multilingual Mind project (MultiMind), https://www.multilingualmind.eu/wp4-project-descriptions. MultMind is an international, multidisciplinary and multisectorial training network on multilingualism and is funded by the European Union’s Horizon2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska Curie grant agreement No 765556. https://www.multilingualmind.eu/
More on the research project (ESR Project (ESR9)
Title: The flexibility of social categorization: How bilingual experience influences social information processing
Main supervisor: Zofia Wodniecka; ESR9 Committee: Marcin Bukowski (Jagiellonian University); Juan Lupiáñez (University of Granada)
Please see this link to project description ((ESR9 Project): https://www.multilingualmind.eu/wp4-project-descriptions
We search for a person holding a degree in Psychology, with experience in experimental cognitive and social research, advanced statistical methods (e.g. moderation & mediation analyses, mixed models approach, etc.), knowledge of programs for experimental research (e.g. E-Prime, PsychoPy, Inquisit etc.). Strong programming and statistical skills is a plus. Knowledge of Polish will be an asset, but it’s optional. Evidence of academic achievements, documented ability to work independently and in a team, experience in conducting psychological research will be an asset. Knowledge of cognitive psychology and social cognition is fundamental. Cultural competences, self-discipline and high work motivation are also essential.
For further information contact Dr. Wodniecka & Dr. Bukowski at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Starting date for all ESRs: 1st September 2018 (negotiable)
Duration of the research employment: 36 months
Salary: The ESR will receive a Living Allowance (€3,110 per month multiplied by the country correction coefficient for Poland: 76.4% which is approximately €2376) and a Mobility Allowance (€600 per month). ESRs who have a family at the beginning of their employment will also receive a family allowance (€500 per month).
How to Apply:
You must send a project application form and supporting documents to email@example.com
The application form and application process is described here: https://www.multilingualmind.eu/copy-of-15-early-stage-researchers-
More information about all open ESR positions is here: https://www.multilingualmind.eu/15-early-stage-researchers-esrs
The initial closing date for the positions will be June 30, 2018, but applications will continue to be considered until suitable candidates have been appointed.
We are looking for a PhD candidate in the field of multilingualism. For more information go to MultiMind program website (project ESR9).
New big project!
We are starting our new attrition project – Polski na Emigracji! Our goal is to explore effects of a long-term immersion in the second language and a short-term reimmersion in the first language.
For more details, please visit our website (in Polish).
Another publication co-authored by a member of Langusta Laboratory – dr Jakub Szewczyk. We encourage you to read the text on the impact of computer games on reading abilities in children with dyslexia published in Scientific Reports.
We invite you to take a short survey
The survey is part of a study on multilingualism and the associated cognitive effects being conducted by researchers at the University of Cambridge and Radboud University Nijmegen. The survey is entirely anonymous and should take approximately 10 – 15 minutes to complete although there is no time limit and we appreciate your thoughtful consideration. The data will only be used for the purposes of this research. You can withdraw from the survey at any time while you are answering the questions by simply closing your browser.